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[Texts]## 11J: Diophantine approximation, transcendental number theory |

see also 11K60

- 11J04: Homogeneous approximation to one number
- 11J06: Markov and Lagrange spectra and generalizations
- 11J13: Simultaneous homogeneous approximation, linear forms
- 11J17: Approximation by numbers from a fixed field
- 11J20: Inhomogeneous linear forms
- 11J25: Diophantine inequalities, See also 11D75
- 11J54: Small fractional parts of polynomials and generalizations
- 11J61: Approximation in non-Archimedean valuations
- 11J68: Approximation to algebraic numbers
- 11J70: Continued fractions and generalizations, See also 11A55, 11K50
- 11J71: Distribution modulo one, See also 11K06
- 11J72: Irrationality; linear independence over a field
- 11J81: Transcendence (general theory)
- 11J82: Measures of irrationality and of transcendence
- 11J83: Metric theory
- 11J85: Algebraic independence; Gelfond's method
- 11J86: Linear forms in logarithms; Baker's method
- 11J89: Transcendence theory of elliptic and abelian functions
- 11J91: Transcendence theory of other special functions
- 11J93: Transcendence theory of Drinfel´d and
*t*-modules [new in 2000] - 11J95: Results involving abelian varieties [new in 2000]
- 11J97: Analogues of methods in Nevanlinna theory (work of Vojta et al.) [new in 2000]
- 11J99: None of the above but in this section

Parent field: 11: Number Theory

Browse all (old) classifications for this area at the AMS.

Classic references in this area include

- Baker, Alan: "Transcendental number theory", Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1990. 165 pp. ISBN 0-521-39791-X
- Lang, Serge: "Introduction to Diophantine approximations", Springer-Verlag, New York, 1995. 130 pp. ISBN 0-387-94456-7
- Schmidt, Wolfgang M.: "Diophantine approximation", Lecture Notes in Mathematics, 785. Springer, Berlin, 1980. 299 pp. ISBN 3-540-09762-7

See also the resources for Number theory in general.

- Using integrals to show that pi isn't 22/7.
- Plenty of algorithms to compute pi.
- Programs to compute decimal digits of pi
- Sample algorithm to compute many digits of pi quickly.
- Bailey/Borwein/Plouffe method of computing digits of pi.
- Spigot algorithms to compute individual digits of pi.
- Irrationality of pi.
- Pi is irrational -- proof by Muse
- Citations to literature concerning pi.
- Summary of transcendental numbers; proof of transcendence of pi, e.
- Quality of approximations of an irrational by rationals.
- Fun with pi and e
- Irrationality of zeta(2) and zeta(3) and representation of zeta by integrals
- Basics on showing that a number is irrational.
- Explanations of various techniques for proving a number to be irrational
- Sqrt(n) is irrational if n is not a square: history and types of proof.
- Might Euler's constant gamma be rational? (unlikely)
- Finding the best rational approximation to a real number.
- Mahler classification of transcendental numbers: how well can a number be approximated by algebraic numbers?
- Maximizing a sum of sines (of different periods) (really a question of approximating a number by rationals).
- The S-unit equation: Solving X+Y=Z subject to X, Y, and Z having all their prime divisors in a fixed set S.
- Integer solutions to (2x+y)^n = 2(x+y)^n + y^n?
- Catalan's conjecture: that 8 and 9 are the only two consecutive positive perfect powers.

Last modified 1999/05/12 by Dave Rusin. Mail: feedback@math-atlas.org